© 2015 Cardiff Scientific Society
Art, both visual and technical, complement medical science and the practice of surgery. The relationship is well illustrated in the speciality of endocrine surgery, dealing with disorders of the ductless glands. Glands, which include the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenals, pancreas and gastrointestinal tract, secrete into the circulation hormones which regulate and control a wide range of physiological functions. Endocrine disease may be characterised by deficiency or excess of hormone secretion, the latter frequently associated with organ enlargement or tumour development. Many of these conditions are amenable to curative surgical intervention.
Prior to surgery, accurate diagnosis and tumour localisation are mandatory, frequently requiring close cooperation with biochemists, endocrinologists, radiologists, nuclear medicine specialists, pathologists and often other basic scientists. Recently, virtual reality techniques have been employed to facilitate pre-
The Art and Science of Endocrine Surgery
Professor Malcolm H. Wheeler MD FRCS
Retired Professor of Endocrine Surgery, University
Hospital of Wales